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Located on the east coast of the island of Sumatra, the city of Jambi is the capital city of the province that bears the same name, namely: the province of Jambi.
The city of Jambi straddles the long and wide Batanghari river that has its source in the Bukit Barisan range, at Danau Diatas and Danau Dibawah (the Upper and Lower Lakes) in the Minangkabau highlands of West Sumatra near Lake Singkarak. The river pours out at the Strait of Berhala on the east coast of Sumatra. Flowing the total length of 1,700 km, the Batanghari is the longest river on Sumatra. The city of Jambi lies on both sides of the river with the Aur Dari Bridge spanning the two sections of the city that lies at the estuary of the Batanghari.
Although less known as a tourist destination, Jambi is, nonetheless, rich in resources, both natural and mined. Jambi produces agricultural products like rice, potatoes, soybean, cabbage, tomatoes, and the province has large tracts of palm oil plantations, while its mines produce oil, gas and coal and tin. Indeed, oil and gas, palm oil and coal are the province’s most important exports.
Historic Chinese records mention that Jambi was once the seat of the classic Malay Kingdom which spread its influence over much of Sumatra and even to the Malay peninsula, a result of which is the use of the Malay language and pronunciations in West Sumatra, Bengkulu, Jambi and parts of Malaysia.
Archaeological remains at the vast Muaro Jambi site, also attest that in the 7th to the 8th century, Jambi was the center of Buddhist learning. After the fall of the palace of the kingdom of Srivijaya at Palembang – today in the province of South Sumatra - in the 11th century, the Srivijaya seat was moved to Jambi, where it thrived until the 13th. century.
The airport of Jambi is called Sultan Thaha Saifuddin airport. Because of its limited capacity, only domestic airlines fly to Jambi mostly from Jakarta. The airlines include Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air and Citilink.
But as a business city, Jambi has many star-rated hotels next to budget hotels.
By air, Jambi is served from Jakarta by Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air and Citilink through the airport called the Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin airport.
Overland, Jambi is well connected by intercity buses to its neighbouring provinces of West Sumatra, Riau and Bengkulu. The Bus terminal is at Alam Barajo and Rawasari.